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Table of Contents

Part One - Battery Basics Everyone Should Know

Author's Note


Chapter 1: When was the battery invented?

Chapter 2: Battery Chemistries

Chemistry Comparison
The Nickel Cadmium (NiCd) Battery
The Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH) Battery
The Lead Acid Battery
The Lithium Ion Battery
The Lithium Polymer Battery
Reusable Alkaline Batteries
The Supercapacitor

Chapter 3: The Battery Pack

The Cylindrical Cell
The Button Cell
The prismatic Cell
The Pouch Cell
Series and Parallel Configurations
Protection Circuits

Chapter 4: Proper Charge Methods

All About Chargers
Charging the Nickel Cadmium Battery
Charging the Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery
Charging the Lead Acid Battery
Charging the Lithium Ion Battery
Charging the Lithium Polymer Battery
Charging at High and Low Temperatures
Ultra-fast Chargers
Charge IC Chips

Chapter 5: Discharge Methods

Depth of Discharge
Pulse Discharge
Discharging at High and Low Temperature

Part Two – You and the Battery

Chapter 6: The Secrets of Battery Runtime

Declining Capacity
Increasing Internal Resistance
Elevated Self-Discharge
Premature Voltage Cut-off

Chapter 7: The ‘Smart’ Battery

The Single Wire Bus
The SMBus
The State-of-Charge Indicator
The Tri-State Fuel Gauge
The Target Capacity Selector
Fuel Gauges for Large Batteries

Chapter 8: Choosing the Right Battery

What’s the best battery for mobile phones?
What’s the best battery for two-way radios?
What’s the best battery forlaptops?
Selecting a Lasting Battery

Chapter 9: Internal Battery Resistance

Why do seemingly good batteries fail on digital equipment?
How is the internal battery resistance measured?
What’s the difference between internal resistance and impedance?

Chapter 10: Getting the Most from your Batteries

Memory: myth or fact?
How to Restore and Prolong Nickel-based Batteries
The Effect of Zapping
How to Restore and Prolong Sealed Lead Acid Batteries
How to Prolong Lithium-based Batteries
Battery Recovery Rate

Chapter 11: Maintaining Fleet Batteries

The ‘Green Light’ Lies
Battery Maintenance, a Function of Quality Control
Battery Maintenance Made Simple
Battery Maintenance as a Business

Chapter 12: Battery Maintenance Equipment

Conditioning Chargers
Battery Analyzers
Battery Analyzers for Maintenance-Free Batteries
Battery hroughput
Battery Maintenance Software

Chapter 13: Making Battery Quick-Test Feasible

Battery Specific Quick Testing
Three-Point Quick Test
The Evolving Battery
The Cadex Quicktest Method
How does the Cadex Quicktest work?
Battery Testing and the Internet
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Part Three – Knowing Your Battery

Chapter 14: Non-Correctable Battery Problems

High Self-discharge
Low Capacity Cells
Cell Mismatch
Shorted Cells Loss of Electrolyte

Chapter 15: Caring for Your Batteries from Birth to Retirement

Storage Priming
The Million Dollar Battery Problem
To the Service Counter, and No Further
The Quick Fix Battery Warranty
Battery Recycling

Chapter 16: Practical Battery Tips

Personal Field Observations
The Correct Battery for the Job
Battery Analyzers for Critical Missions

Chapter 17: Did you know . . . ?

The Cost of Mobile Power
The Fuel Cell
The Electric Vehicle
Strengthening the Weakest Link

Part Four –Beyond Batteries

Chapter 18: Beginnings and Horizons

About the Author
About Cadex
Working with Natural Beauty
Customer Comments
Cadex Products

Frequently Asked Questions about Batteries (FAQ)

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Copyright 2001 Isidor Buchmann. All rights reserved.